Centre for Public Health and Research undertakes a wide range of public health research with our national and international collaborators. The Centre faculty are actively engaged in analysing secondary data from various sources and conducting empirical studies in the areas of public health and research. The major thematic areas the centre currently focussing on Demographic Changes, Population Dynamics and Epidemiological and Nutritional Transitions, Sexual and Reproductive Health , Issues of Ageing and Tribal Health and Development.
This Centre has been involved in major research projects that include “Socio economic Status of Tribal Women in the Context of Skill Development: A Study in Andhra Pradesh”, sponsored by the ICSSR, New Delhi; “Baseline Study of Impact India Foundations Community Health Initiatives”, sponsored by Impact India Foundation, Mumbai ; “Maternal Health Status of Tribal Women: A Study of Regional Diversity in Three States of India”, sponsored by the ICMR; “Enhancing the Quality of Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives through Research and Training”, sponsored by JSW Foundation, Mumbai; “Increased Awareness, Access and Quality of Elderly Services in India”, sponsored by the UNFPA, New Delhi. The Centre is also co-ordinating the UGC’s E-Pathshala project for the preparation of e-books in the subject of Population Studies.
The faculty of the centre has authored a book titled, ” The Elderly: To live with Dignity” published by Saga publications which is a part of 4 volume series on “The Elderly: Continuing at the Crossroads”. The Centre is anchoring the activities of Indian Association for Social Sciences and Health, a professional body of Social Scientists working actively in the field of health.
In order to advance any sort of health priority, research must be done to understand the root cause of problems, the consequences of these problems and how to effectively reduce them. Research provides the background for the creation of relevant policy and the establishment of healthcare delivery models. Additionally, research is essential for acquiring financial backing and an outlet for sharing the results of the important work done by the organisation and its partners.
Similar to diversity of regions and cultures in India, there are diverse models of public health outreach, education and care. We develop our initiatives / projects based on experiential learning or/and through research and data collection. The research component also includes needs assessment and developing a system design process. Once initiated, projects need continuing monitoring and evaluation to improving and providing beneficiaries what they truly need. So, research is an important and continuing part of our work.
Maternal and Child Health
Women’s health has been described as “a patchwork quilt with gaps”.Although many of the issues around women’s health related to their reproductive health, including maternal and child health, genital health and breast health, and endocrine (hormonal) health, including menstruation, birth control and menopause, a broader understanding of women’s health to include all aspects of the health of women has been urged, replacing “Women’s Health” with “The Health of Women”
A communicable disease is an illness caused by a specific infectious agent or its toxic products. It arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or inanimate reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly (through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment). Control of disease is the reduction of disease incidence, prevalence, morbidity, or mortality to a locally acceptable level as a result of deliberate efforts; continued intervention measures are required to maintain the reduction.
Environmental toxins are cancer-causing chemicals and endocrine disruptors, both human-made and naturally occurring, that can harm our health by disrupting sensitive biological systems.
Disaster Management and first Aid
A disaster refers to a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence from natural or man-made causes, which is beyond the coping capacity of the affected community.First Aid during Disaster Management means, the immediate help extended to the affected victims of any disaster. The disaster can be natural or made. The proportion of the disaster can be of small scale or may be of catastrophic proportion. The importance of first aid during an emergency can save many lives as often the rescue operation initiated by the government bodies and private agencies takes time, especially if the disaster happens in a geographically remote place
Food and Nutrition
It is a science which helps in promoting the health status of the country by changing the food nutrition system. It focuses on the issue of the dietary needs of the population. Public health nutrition is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the medium of nutrition. The aim of those working as public health nutritionists is for everyone to achieve greater health and well-being by making healthier food and nutrition-related choices.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs)
it is also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.The main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.NCDs disproportionately affects people in low- and middle-income countries where more than three quarters of global NCD deaths – 32million – occur.
Adolescent health, or youth health, is the range of approaches to preventing, detecting or treating young people’s health and well being. Adolescent health challenges include risk behavior and mental health problems. Mortality in adolescence is low relative to other age groups, but mortality data do not provide an accurate impression of adolescents’ health challenges, as they do not reflect behaviors that place adolescents at risk for adverse consequences later in life, which may be severe and lifelong.
Some additional suggested Research Topics –
Examining the national health worker ASHA program from community health perceptive.
The study to evaluate the knowledge of ASHA worker on antenatal and postnatal care in Himachal Pradesh.
The effect of air pollution on the individual which have respiratory and cardiovascular disease.
The effect of air pollution in respiratory and cardiovascular disease among the individuals in Himachal Pradesh
Occupational hazard affect the health of the individual
What are the various hazards which are faced by the employee in Himachal Pradesh?
Water toxicity increases the chance of kidney and stomach infection.
Evaluate the water toxicity by taking the water from different rivers/lakes what are factors which are increasing the case of kidney stone in Himachal Pradesh.
How the socioeconomic status of an individual is correlated to lifestyle disease.
Conduct a study about the different communicable disease which is correlated to lifestyle and how it is related to the low socioeconomic status of the families.
Assessing the preparedness of the primary health system for maternal health.
We can evaluate the preparedness of the PHC for maternal health. We can also evaluate the policy for women in this, whether they are implementing the policy for the benefit for the women or not.
The prevalence rate of cancer in Himachal Pradesh.
Find out the increase in the prevalence of cancer, the risk factor with esteem to location and which particular cancer is more prone these days and why.
What is the physical and mental condition of the migrant in Himachal? What is the status of the hygiene and sanitation of the migrant people in the area?
What is the risk factor that increases the respiratory disease in the Kangra?
What is the prevalence rate of mental health status in Himachal?
Awareness about the mental health among the people
Prevention and control of substance and drug abuse
Preventing and controlling iron deficiency anemia through primary health care in Himachal Pradesh.
Indian women’s health is improving as the age of marriage increases and family size decreases but major gaps remain including high rates of maternal mortality, malnutrition, and anemia. Find out the main reason for this.